By Valentin Rakhmanov
The Customs Union of EurAsEC (i.e. EuroAsian Economic Community), to be more precise, includes Russia, Kazakhstan and Byelorussia. Unlike the same-name coalition in the EU, it is just on its way to elaborate provisions concerning the conformity assessment’s field. Thus, nowadays situation in the sphere feels like interim. After CFMZ (i.e. Common Free Market Zone) had been worked out on the 1st of 2012, the developing of the technical rules has started. There aren’t any signs: when this work will have finished, but the first technical regulations have been emerged already. The Customs Union hasn’t own department about certification so far and particular businessman has been getting in touch with its national standardization body, as before. To tall of the Russian Federation, such a mission laid on the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology (i.e. Rosstandart). Byelorussia and Kazakhstan have their state-run institutions of the nature either.
It is two types of conformity assessment: mandatory and voluntary. Russia and Customs Union have different lists of goods that come under mandatory certification. Russia’s interior register is published on Rosstandart’s official web-site and Customs Union has it’s on a range of CIS’s (i.e. Commonwealth of Independent States) sources and on the web-site of the Customs Union’s Commission itself. It is called “Single list of products”. It is of importance that the two registers are diverged. If some article is integrated the national list but is absent in the register of the Customs Union, a businessman should prove the conformity assessment to national standards before to be allowed cross the border. Certifying his goods with one or another standard, he can choose himself, whether confirm assessment to national standard or it would better to certify his product according to the rules in single customs territory. Significant detail is a certification body has to be accredited specially to fulfill the expertise by the Customs Union methods. In other word, if a company certifying with the national rules many years it isn’t says it can do that under the Customs Union. It is Custom’s Union Commission that defining «Single register» to be contained of approved for the Customs Union laboratories and certifications bodies. With a developing of the international organization will be filed as a history. An entrepreneur will confirm the accordance to the Customs Union regulatory documents irrespective should he is going to trade its commodities inside a state or to bring in other Customs Union’s country. Blanks and marks can have differences in connection with the state where the case of conformity assessment did proceed. The name of the Customs Union’s mark is «ЕТС».
Apart from other problems, one more type of documents stands. Declaration of correspondence and certificate differing amid each other by blanks they had used. A certificate has strictly formed while as the second one is composed in the company itself, before being sent the certification body. However, there is a legislation secured list of dates that compulsory for pointing out. The correlation between certification and declarations of correspondence regulates by the following. A certificate is valid in all territory of the Customs Union. Meanwhile, a declaration is confirmed by a businessman in a country which is recipient of the cargoes. At that, the validity of a declaration is actual just in this particular state.
Under the Customs union notably changes will have been accomplished. It is expected developing measures defends producer and consumer. The rules against the dumping will be created. Currently, 24 documents of technical regulations are composed in The Customs Union. 13 have already approved by the Russian authorities and the rests 8 are almost done. These two indexes concerns to technical regulations’ drafts, which according to the Customs Union rules, should be created by Russian experts. Kazakhstan and Byelorussia do their part of work as well. Being confirmed by the national authorities the technical regulations’ projects gets objects for discussion in the Customs Union. It is anticipated that the quantity of the Customs Unions members will have been larger. Particularly, Kirgizstan announced its will to enter the international organization soon.